What do you know about conservation and human rights?
Under what circumstances do you think it is morally acceptable to stop local communities from hunting for food inside a protected area? Or from gathering honey and wild herbs? Or practising traditional shifting agriculture? Is it acceptable to create a protected area on community lands without consultation or consent? What about forced displacement of local communities? Shoot-to-kill policies? All of these actions are reported to have been carried out in the name of conservation in recent years (e.g. Tauli-Corpuz, Reference Tauli-Corpuz2016, 18–22; Mogomotzi & Kefilwe, Reference Mogomotsi and Kefilwe2017). But how much is this simply a matter of moral discretion and how much is it governed by international human rights obligations?